UPDATE: Yes, you now can use views to create a list of taxonomy terms. Updated versions of views allow you to choose the view type -which is no longer limited to 'node', you can now select from several different types of 'views' output - excellent!
If you, like me, thought that you could use the "views" module to create a list of all of the taxonomy terms in a certain category - you can't. Views only displays lists of nodes. So, here is the snippet of code that you need to create to that list of links (you could put it in a block):